About intellectual property

Intellectual property refers to creation of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; apperance designs; and symbols, name and images use in commerce.

Intellectual property is protected in law by patents, copyright and trademark, which enable people to earn recognition or financial benefit from what they invent or create. By striking the right balance the interests of innovators and wider public interest, the IP system aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish.


A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention. Generally speaking, a patent provide the patent owner with the right to decide how or whether –the invention can be used by others.

In order to exchange for the right, the patent owner makes technical information about the invention publicly available in the published patent document.

A trade mark is a sign capable of distinguishing the goods or service of one enterprise from those of other enterprises. Trademarks date back to ancient times when artisans used to put their signature or “mark” on their products.

Industrial designs constitutes the ornamental or aesthetic aspect of an article. A design may consists of three-dimensional features, such as the shape or surface of an article, or of two-dimensional features, such as patterns, lines or color.