property refers to creation of the mind, such as inventions; literary and
artistic works; apperance designs; and symbols, name and images use in
Intellectual property is protected in law
by patents, copyright and trademark, which enable people to earn recognition or
financial benefit from what they invent or create. By striking the right
balance the interests of innovators and wider public interest, the IP system
aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish.
A patent is an exclusive right granted for
an invention. Generally speaking, a patent provide the patent owner with the
right to decide how or whether –the invention can be used by others.
In order to exchange for the right, the
patent owner makes technical information about the invention publicly available
in the published patent document.
A trade mark is a sign capable of
distinguishing the goods or service of one enterprise from those of other
enterprises. Trademarks date back to ancient times when artisans used to put
their signature or “mark” on their products.
Industrial designs constitutes the ornamental
or aesthetic aspect of an article. A design may consists of three-dimensional
features, such as the shape or surface of an article, or of two-dimensional
features, such as patterns, linesor